Source Control Management

Version 51 (Sickboy, 02/09/2009 12:42)

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{{>toc}}
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h1. SCM
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Please click "Wiki" in the menu above for generic dev-heaven site help
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*GENERAL NOTE* This wiki is based on the "Exception" rule. Please leave settings/configuration options default, unless it is explicitly listed to do otherwise.
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h2. Private and Public Key Files
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To connect to a dev-heaven.net ssh host, you must authenticate with a private/public key combination.
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Please follow the following steps.
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h3. Installation
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* Install "Putty Suite":http://tartarus.org/~simon/putty-snapshots/x86/putty-installer.exe
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* Create a Key Set with PuttyGen
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* Save the PUBLICkey and PRIVATEkey somewhere safe on your harddrive
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* Send PUBLICkey to admin (Guard the PRIVATEkey with your life, never share! :D)
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** The admin will give your account the permission to the right project, and supply you with the git clone url
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h3. (After any reboot) if you want to access a dev-heaven.net ssh host:
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* Load your PRIVATEkey into the PageAnt application (Part of putty suite). 
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_Incase you have a password on the PRIVATEkey, you will have to enter this everytime pageant loads your key_
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* You are recommended to add a link to autostart with the param(s) to you key file(s).
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<pre>
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D:\Programme\Putty\pageant.exe "D:\Programme\Putty\my_private_key.ppk"
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</pre>
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h3. First time connecting to a host
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** Open a connection with putty, to the host (e.g: git.dev-heaven.net) *DO NOT* save it!
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*** Click YES/Accept to accept the server key
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*** Close Putty again
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** You should only have to do this once per host
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h1. GIT
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This is the beginners guide, feel free to look at the "expertguide":Git_Install_Expert
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h2. Installation of the Core Client (MSysGit)
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* (Make sure the Putty suite is installed, see top of page)
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* Install "MSysGit":http://dev-heaven.net/projects/list_files/heaven (*Fixed Edition!* Please lookup the latest available version)
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** It is recommended to add the Windows Explorer Extensions ("Git Gui Here", "Git Bash Here")
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** Choose to install for *Windows Command Line* (Middle option, out of 3)
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** Choose to use *Plink for SSH*
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h2. Installation of the Interface Client(s)
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h3. TortoiseGit
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This client is basically TortoiseSVN but then for Git, and is very much alike the SVN version
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* http://code.google.com/p/tortoisegit/downloads/list
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h3. Git GUI
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This is part of the MsysGit Installation, *more info here*: http://dev-heaven.net/wiki/heaven/Git_Gui_Guide
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h3. Git Extensions
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This client is a bit like Tortoise's client, but operates a bit differently and has a few unique features
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* Install "Git Extensions":http://downloads.sourceforge.net/gitextensions/GitExtensions137Setup.msi?use_mirror=
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** If you install the *Complete* Setup, please *do not* install the included MSysGit with it!!
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** Choose to install KDiff (Only available in *Complete* Setup). You can also download & install this application seperately (google)
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** Incase of 64-bit Windows (otherwise skip this step!), if you also want to use the Extensions in 32-bit applications (like Total Commander);
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*** also download the .zip file
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*** unpack the GitExtensionsShell.dll
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*** rename it to GitExtensionsShellEx32.dll
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*** place it in your Git Extensions installation folder
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*** regsvr32 GitExtensionsShellEx32.dll from a dos prompt
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* *Please Reboot*
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* Startup the Git Extensions application, and verify that all settings are filled in. (Local Settings tab can remain empty)
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** UserName
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** E-mail
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** Application Locations
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** Favorite Editor and Diff/Merge program
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*more info here:* http://dev-heaven.net/wiki/20/GitExtensions_QuickStart
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h2. Initial Steps
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* Please make sure your keyAgent (e.g Pageant) is running, and your private key is loaded
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* Use interface or cli git: git clone git@git.dev-heaven.net:REPOSITORYNAME.git  (Receive repository name from admin)
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** In case of message: "The server's host key is not cached in the registry. You have no guarantee that the server is the computer you think it is.", press y.
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h2. JumpStart
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* In Git, you have a local copy of the repository
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* If you commit, you only commit to your local repository. If you want to push your changes to the shared remote repository, you must first git pull, and then git push
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* If you wish to fetch, you use git pull
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* If there are things to merge, like changes to files by 2 persons, use git merge
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* every git command can be used with --help for basic help output
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* If you wish to look at the log using the GIT Gui on your repository, you can check the Repository Menu, and Visualize master's history (or all branches)
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* First useful "git cheat sheet":http://cheat.errtheblog.com/s/git/
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* "Subversion commands in git ":http://git.or.cz/course/svn.html
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h2. Git use
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h3. Staging and Committing Changes
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* If you have Git Extensions installed and properly setup, you can right click a repository and choose "Git Extensions" -> "Browse"
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** You can use this tool to browse the repository+history
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** You can use the "Commit" option in this tool to stage your changes and commit. It works pretty handy with the rescan changes button and other options
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h3. Reverting Uncommitted Changes
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* By using the Git Extensions: Browse. Then Commit
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* If your file is already stage, unstage it
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* Right click the file in the top file list, and choose revert changes
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* There are more ways, like hard resetting to current head: git checkout -f (Or in the Commit dialog of Git Extensions: reset changes hard), however, this will revert ALL your currently uncommitted changes
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h2. Common problems
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<pre>
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Access denied
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FATAL ERROR: Server sent disconnect message
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type 2 (protocol error):
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"Too many authentication failures for git"
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</pre>
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Usually happens when pageant aint running.
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Or when you installed msysgit without pointing it to putty plink.
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<pre>
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You asked me to pull without telling me which branch you
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want to merge with, and 'branch.master.merge' in
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your configuration file does not tell me either.  Please
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name which branch you want to merge on the command line and
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try again (e.g. 'git pull <repository> <refspec>').
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See git-pull(1) for details on the refspec.
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If you often merge with the same branch, you may want to
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configure the following variables in your configuration
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file:
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    branch.master.remote = <nickname>
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    branch.master.merge = <remote-ref>
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    remote.<nickname>.url = <url>
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    remote.<nickname>.fetch = <refspec>
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See git-config(1) for details.
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</pre>
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Use: git pull origin master
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(or push)
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Or setup the mentioned settings (execute from your repository folder):
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<pre>
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git config branch.master.remote origin
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git config branch.master.merge refs/heads/master
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git config remote.origin.url git@git.6thsense.eu:REPOSITORYNAME
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git config remote.origin.fetch +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
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</pre>(replace REPOSITORYNAME with the right repository, e.g test-mod.git)
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h2. Info
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* DevHeaven Git Discussion: http://dev-heaven.net/boards/1/topics/show/15
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* Git: http://git-scm.com/
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* Git <-> SVN Linked together: http://flavio.castelli.name/howto_use_git_with_svn
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* Why Better: http://whygitisbetterthanx.com/
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* GitFaq: http://git.or.cz/gitwiki/GitFaq
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* GitHub: http://www.github.com
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* Gitorious: http://gitorious.org/
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* GitEnabled Pastebin: http://gist.github.com
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* http://peepcode.com/products/git
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* http://jfcouture.com/category/git/
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* http://blog.carlmercier.com/2008/01/25/no-nonsense-git-part-1-git-remote-branch/
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* http://github.com/webmat/git_remote_branch
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h2. Experimental Clients
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* "NetBeans Git Plugin":http://www.nbgit.org (This is only a wrapper, you still require a Git Implementation (MSYS/CygWin))
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h1. Subversion (SVN)
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* Please make sure your keyAgent (e.g Pageant) is running, and your private key is loaded
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* DevHeaven Url: svn.dev-heaven.net
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h1. Virtual Folders / Working with Repositories in ArmA
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* Vista mklink: http://itsvista.com/2007/03/mklink/
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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NTFS_junction_point
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* http://schinagl.priv.at/nt/hardlinkshellext/hardlinkshellext.html